President Donald Trump supporters gather with some signs claiming a stolen election outside the Philadelphia Convention Center…
President Donald Trump supporters gather with signs claiming a stolen election outside the Philadelphia Convention Center as they await general election tabulation results, in Philadelphia, Nov. 6, 2020.

President Donald Trump promised litigation if voting results do not show that he has won the presidential election. ?

QUESTION: How many lawsuits have been filed by President Donald Trump's campaign? ?

ANSWER: The Trump campaign has filed at least six lawsuits?in battleground states since Election Day. Activists from both parties have also filed lawsuits. ?

Q: Has the Biden campaign filed any lawsuits yet??

A: The Biden campaign has a legal team assembled?but has not initiated litigation.?

Q: Has there been any action taken on lawsuits yet??

A: In Georgia, a state judge dismissed?a lawsuit over a claim that 53 mail-in ballots were not received on time. In Pennsylvania, a judge approved the campaign's request for more oversight of the vote-counting process but did not stop the counting, as the campaign requested. A similar request was denied by a judge in Michigan.?

Q: What lawsuits are still pending??

A: The Trump campaign is suing Pennsylvania's top election official for improperly extending the deadline for voters to fix errors on their mail-in ballots. They are also suing Montgomery County, Pennsylvania, for notifying voters that their ballots were mailed with errors. ?

Q: Is the Supreme Court involved in any cases??

A: Before Election Day, the United States Supreme Court twice rejected claims that Pennsylvania wrongly decided to extend the deadline to receive ballots postmarked by Election Day. After the second rejection, the court noted it may hear a case after the vote count. Pennsylvania is counting but separating ballots that arrived after Election Day.?

Q: Should we expect more lawsuits??

A: Probably. Steven Mulroy, law professor and election law expert at the University of Memphis, says, "If there's any grounds for challenging the validity of a state certified total for Biden, [the Trump campaign] will do it." He says lawsuits will likely focus on technical defects on mail ballots and the status of late-arriving ballots.?

Q: Is there a threshold to meet for a lawsuit to be successful??

A: There must be enough votes in question to tip the balance of the election. Mulroy calls it a "litigation-proof margin of victory," explaining: "If the number of votes by which Biden wins exceeds the number of votes which could potentially have been affected by the legal challenge, then it won't really matter."?

Patsy Widakuswara contributed to this report.
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What Happens Next?

What It Means to Become President-Elect in the US

In the United States, Democrat Joe Biden is being called the president-elect.

President-elect is a descriptive term not an official office. As such, Biden has no power in the government, and he would not until he is inaugurated at noon on January 20, 2021.

American news networks, which track all of the vote counting, determined on November 7 that Biden’s lead had become insurmountable in Pennsylvania, putting him over the 270 electoral votes needed to be president. Within minutes of determining his lead was mathematically assured, they projected him as the winner.

That is why news organizations, including VOA, are calling Biden the "projected winner."

Sometimes, in the case of particularly close elections, when news networks make this call, the other candidate does not concede victory. President Donald Trump has not done so, alleging voter fraud without substantial evidence and vowing to fight on. The president’s position has left Washington lawmakers divided, with Republicans backing a legal inquiry into allegations of vote fraud, even as they celebrate other congressional lawmakers who won their races.

When will the dispute be resolved?

The U.S. election won’t be officially certified for weeks. In the meantime, court challenges and state recounts could occur.

So far, the Trump administration has not provided evidence for any fraud that could overturn the result, but there is still time for more legal challenges.

Once states have certified the vote, pledged electors then cast their votes in the Electoral College in mid-December. Congress then certifies the overall Electoral College result in early January, about two weeks before Inauguration Day.